- present participle of decant
Decantation is a process for the separation of mixtures, carefully pouring a solution from a container, leaving the precipitate (sediments) in the bottom of the container. Usually a small amount of solution must be left in the container, and care must be taken to prevent a small amount of precipitate from flowing with the solution out of the container. It's generally used to separate a liquid from an insoluble solid, e.g. in red wine, where the wine is decanted from the potassium bitartrate crystals. Another example is when separating the oil from water after getting them as a mixed liquid out of olives in order to extract olive oil.
A mixture of kerosene and water can be separated through decantation.
Decantation of Milk
Milk is heated at about 40 degrees Celsius for three minutes, and then filtered by a coffee filter placed in funnel.
decanting in Catalan: Decantació
decanting in German: Dekantieren
decanting in Spanish: Decantación
decanting in French: Décantation
decanting in Dutch: Decanteren (scheikunde)
decanting in Portuguese: Decantação
decanting in Russian: Декантация
decanting in Finnish: Dekantointi
decanting in Swedish: Dekantering
decanting in Chinese: 傾析